Maximize the depth of field
To make the photo creative some people experimented with landscape photography with a low depth of field, but the commonly used method is to focus on as many scenes as possible. The simplest way is to choose a small aperture (large spec), the smaller the aperture, the deeper the field of view.
Remember that a small aperture also means less light is entering the sensor, so you need to compensate for this “damage” by increasing the ISO or increasing the shutter speed (or both). Of course there are times when you shoot very well with very small DOF when adjusting to landscape mode.
Use a tripod
The aperture is small, the shutter speed is fast, the next thing is how to keep the camera steady during the exposure. In fact, even if you are able to shoot with a fast shutter speed, you should still use a tripod. For extra stability, you can use additional cables or the remote control
Search for the focus
Every photo needs a focus, and landscape photos are no exception. In fact, the landscape shot without focus looks so empty, the viewer cannot find a stop for their gaze.
The focus can be any point in the scene you intend to capture, from a building, tree, rock or shadow, etc. Don’t just focus on thinking about what the focus is, but also pay attention to where to focus.
One factor in a good photo is the up close and placement that catches the eye of the viewer. To do this you should create a sense of depth in the image by raising the horizon or creating paths to the depth of the image.
Pay attention to the sky
Another factor to pay attention to is the sky in the landscape. Most scenes should have a close-up or the sky takes up most of the picture – your photo should have either of these, otherwise it will look boring.
Before taking landscape photos, ask yourself, “How can you guide the eyes of the viewer into the photo?” There are many ways to do this (close-ups are one example) but one of the best methods is to create lines that draw the viewer’s gaze into the photo.
The lines create depth of field, scale and are the center of the image, and themselves create the texture of the image.
When photographing landscapes, most people take still and passive photos – however landscapes are rarely completely still, placing some movement in the image creates emotion and emphasis. For example: wind rustles through the canopy of trees, waves rattling across the coast, flowing water, birds flying, clouds drifting.
In general, when capturing these movements you need a fast shutter speed (sometimes seconds). At the same time, a lot of light enters the sensor, so the aperture should be small, use a filter or shoot in the early morning or dark when there is little light.